Rigorous sampling of docking poses unveils binding hypothesis for the halogenated ligands of L-type Amino acid Transporter 1 (LAT1)

Author(s)
Natesh Singh, Bruno O Villoutreix, Gerhard F Ecker
Abstract

L-type Amino acid Transporter 1 (LAT1) plays a significant role in the growth and propagation of cancer cells by facilitating the cross-membrane transport of essential nutrients, and is an attractive drug target. Several halogen-containing L-phenylalanine-based ligands display high affinity and high selectivity for LAT1; nonetheless, their molecular mechanism of binding remains unclear. In this study, a combined in silico strategy consisting of homology modeling, molecular docking, and Quantum Mechanics-Molecular Mechanics (QM-MM) simulation was applied to elucidate the molecular basis of ligand binding in LAT1. First, a homology model of LAT1 based on the atomic structure of a prokaryotic homolog was constructed. Docking studies using a set of halogenated ligands allowed for deriving a binding hypothesis. Selected docking poses were subjected to QM-MM calculations to investigate the halogen interactions. Collectively, the results highlight the dual nature of the ligand-protein binding mode characterized by backbone hydrogen bond interactions of the amino acid moiety of the ligands and residues I63, S66, G67, F252, G255, as well as hydrophobic interactions of the ligand's side chains with residues I139, I140, F252, G255, F402, W405. QM-MM optimizations indicated that the electrostatic interactions involving halogens contribute to the binding free energy. Importantly, our results are in good agreement with the recently unraveled cryo-Electron Microscopy structures of LAT1.

Organisation(s)
External organisation(s)
Université Lille I - Sciences et Technologies
Journal
Scientific Reports
Volume
9
ISSN
2045-2322
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-51455-8
Publication date
10-2019
Peer reviewed
Yes
Austrian Fields of Science 2012
301207 Pharmaceutical chemistry
Keywords
Portal url
https://ucris.univie.ac.at/portal/en/publications/rigorous-sampling-of-docking-poses-unveils-binding-hypothesis-for-the-halogenated-ligands-of-ltype-amino-acid-transporter-1-lat1(fec43673-7352-4f26-b3bb-27ae19ce2353).html