New approach methods supporting read-across

Author(s)
Wanda Van der Stel, Giada Carta, Julie Eakins, Johannes Delp, Ilinca Suciu, Anna Forsby, Andrea Cediel-Ulloa, Kristina Attoff, Florentina Troger, Hennicke Kamp, Iain Gardner, Barbara Zdrazil, Martijn J Moné, Gerhard F Ecker, Manuel Pastor, Jose Carlos Gómez-Tamayo, Andrew White, Erik H J Danen, Marcel Leist, Paul Walker, Paul Jennings, Susanne Hougaard Bennekou, Bob Van de Water
Abstract

Read-across approaches are considered key in moving away from in vivo animal testing towards addressing data-gaps using new approach methods (NAMs). Ample successful examples are still required to substantiate this strategy. Here we present and discuss the learnings from two OECD IATA endorsed read-across case studies. They involve two classes of pesticides -rotenoids and strobilurins- each having a defined mode-of-action that is assessed for its neurological hazard by means of an AOP-based testing strategy coupled to toxicokinetic simulations of human tissue concentrations. The endpoint in question is potential mitochondrial respiratory chain mediated neurotoxicity, specifically through inhibition of complex I or III. An AOP linking inhibition of mitochondrial respiratory chain complex I to the degeneration of dopaminergic neurons formed the basis for both cases, but was deployed in two different regulatory contexts. The two cases also exemplify several different read-across concepts: analogue versus category approach, consolidated versus putative AOP, positive versus negative prediction (i.e., neurotoxicity versus low potential for neurotoxicity), and structural versus biological similarity. We applied a range of NAMs to explore the toxicodynamic properties of the compounds, e.g., in silico docking as well as in vitro assays and readouts -including transcriptomics- in various cell systems, all anchored to the relevant AOPs. Interestingly, although some of the data addressing certain elements of the read-across were associated with high uncertainty, their impact on the overall read-across conclusion remained limited. Coupled to the elaborate regulatory review that the two cases underwent, we propose some generic learnings of AOP-based testing strategies supporting read-across.

Organisation(s)
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences
External organisation(s)
Leiden University, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Cyprotex Discovery Ltd., Universität Konstanz, Stockholm University, Uppsala University, BASF-Deutschland, CERTARA UK LIMITED , University Pompeu Fabra, Unilever, Technical University of Denmark (DTU)
Journal
Altex
ISSN
1868-596X
DOI
https://doi.org/10.14573/altex.2103051
Publication date
06-2021
Peer reviewed
Yes
Austrian Fields of Science 2012
301211 Toxicology
Portal url
https://ucris.univie.ac.at/portal/en/publications/new-approach-methods-supporting-readacross(1568a6e1-f8d6-44c7-8b0e-a354d3414858).html